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A Report on Electromagnetic
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We live in an electrical environment. As we go about our business, just about everything we do gets an assist from electricity. The use of electromagnetic energy for power and communication has markedly accelerated tremendously in the last 50 years, and this has drastically altered our environment.

Today, we are exposed to radically more intense electromagnetic radiation than our forefathers whose exposure was from the sun, stars and other natural sources. Radiation in that form is a force of nature that is as old as the universe.

RADIATION IN OUR LIVES
Radiation in the form of electricity is present at every level of life, and it is virtually impossible, especially for city dwellers, to escape exposure to its effects. Thousands of common devices that are used daily generate electromagnetic 2 fields. Our lives depend on electricity but it is also a silent and invisible pollutant. This pollution originates from power generators and substations, microwave and radio transmitters, satellite relay stations, power lines, building wiring, electrical outlets, fluorescent lights, electrical appliances, office machines, video terminals and cellular telephones to mention a few. Automobiles, airplanes, buses and motorcycles are now also recognized as powerful generators and receivers of electromagnetic pollution.

Earth Radiation
On a grander, but not necessarily more important, scale, there are huge natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs ) all over the earth and out in space. Noxious earth radiations or geopathic zones, created by electromagnetic emanations from the earth above subterranean running water, are another source of EMF disturbance that can be detrimental to health.

Geopathic zones are caused by geological fractures, fissures, and subterranean fault lines which create fluctuations in the earth’s normal direct current (DC) magnetic field. Because the natural magnetic field of the earth plays such an important role in stimulating and regulating metabolic processes, noxious radiations emitted from this kind of underground electric current can weaken plant, animal and human organisms.

THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM
To better understand electromagnetic fields, a sense of the whole range of electromagnetic energy or radiation as it exists in the universe is needed. Radiation is the form that energy such as light or heat is sent out through space. The different types of radiation are classified according to the electromagnetic spectrum. The range of frequencies making up the electromagnetic spectrum is broad.

The spectrum is arranged according to both frequency and wavelength of the various kinds of radiation. Frequency is the number of waves per second that a particular form of energy sends out. Wavelength is the distance that one particular kind of wave can travel before it flows back to its source, say, a radio transmission tower. Electromagnetic waves travel at the speed of light but the length of the waves differ according to their frequency. It is expressed as cycles per second, i.e., the number of cycles the waves make per second (cps), or simply as Hertz (Hz). Higher-frequency radiation has a greater number of waves of shorter wavelength, and vice versa.

Ionizing Radiation
There are two types of radiation: ionizing and nonionizing. At the high end of the spectrum, with frequencies of billions of hertz, come the gamma rays, x-rays, and ultraviolet rays. These are known as ionizing radiation, with energy to enter cells and break chemical bonds, to invade the atoms and rearrange particles. High enough exposure to these waves can cause cancer or even kill instantly.

Humanity's exposure to ionizing radiation has undoubtedly increased radically within the past century, as the result of various applications and exploitations of the power of the atom. Nuclear power, and nuclear weapons, nuclear medicine, nuclear consumer products—all of these are really “experiments” whose long-range implications are still being explored.

Nonionizing Radiation
All other forms of radiation are nonionizing - that is, they don't have the energy to actually get inside cells and break chemical bonds. They have enough energy to agitate atoms but do not destroy them.

Nonionizing radiation falls into two categories:
radio frequency (RF) radiation - with microwaves at the high end of this spectrum - and extremely low (ELF) radiation; 60 power line electromagnetic fields occur at this end of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Microwave radiation is known to be dangerous, because of its thermal effects—it can heat or cook tissue—and also because of its nonthermal effects, where certain biological changes occur but the body doesn't heat up. Microwave radiation is emitted by broadcast transmissions, radar, satellites, CB radios, RF sealers, electrical security systems, telephone relays, sonar, VDTs (video display terminals) and, sometimes, microwave ovens.

Extremely low-frequency (ELF) radiation is found around 60-Hz power lines and appliances. ELF radiation is nonionizing and nonthermal and, because it doesn't have enough energy to break up molecules or heat tissue, it was never thought to be dangerous. But very recently, scientists have discovered that the so-called "weak" ELF fields can indeed cause cancer and other diseases.

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
Electromagnetic fields are invisible electrical and magnetic forces that radiate from anything operating on an electrical current. Any time an electric current runs through a wire or an appliance, it produces an electromagnetic field (EMF). Electromagnetic fields are found wherever there's electricity, and around any object that has an electric charge. Normally, electric fields and magnetic fields occur together i.e., "electromagnetic fields."

Electric fields arise from the strength of an electrical charge. AC electric fields are generated from electrical alternating voltage, present at 110 volts with a frequency of 60 hertz in the U.S. Electrical fields from multiple sources such as house wiring, lighting fixtures, and other appliances can radiate throughout a room at varying levels.

Magnetic fields arise from the charges of motion in an electrical field. Magnetic fields result from the motion of those charges, that is, the current, and they fluctuate with that current. They are produced wherever electricity is in use. The stronger the current, the stronger the magnetic field. And just as the current varies according to the power usage, so do the magnitudes of the magnetic fields created by the current.

Whereas electric fields are present whether an appliance is on or off (as long as it's plugged in), a magnetic field will disappear as soon as an appliance is turned off. Electric fields and magnetic fields are known to have very different effects on living things. It's generally understood that when EMFs interact with people and animals, the electric fields and the magnetic fields separate, or uncouple, and affect the organisms independently. Both fields are silent and invisible and, since people aren't really biologically equipped to consciously detect them, they largely go unnoticed even though we're surrounded by EMFs all the time While electrical fields can easily be shielded, magnetic fields penetrate concrete, steel and human bodies. The human body has a magnetic permeability equal to air, so the entirety of a magnetic field will enter it. This can have serious health implications. Electromagnetic fields can profoundly affect the human biological system interfering with the cues that keep one’s biological cycles properly timed, and significantly altering stress levels and immune response.

THE ELECTRIC BODY
All life including humans is comprised of subtle electrical fields, which control such vital functions as growth, metabolism, thought and movement. All matter is divided into conductors, which can transmit electricity by allowing it to flow through them, and insulators, which do not transmit electricity. The human body, composed of ions, minerals and water is a strong conductor of electrical energy and is a very effective antenna structure.

The functions and responses of the human body are controlled by weak electromagnetic pulses from the brain. Billions of electrical impulses regulate the activity of every living cell, affecting the body's well-being and its ability to heal itself. Electromagnetic fields in the atmosphere influence all our senses, our metabolic processes and even the way we think.

These fields can significantly interfere with and alter basic electrical functions, shutdown vitality, and eventually produce disease. With prolonged or frequent exposure to these electromagnetic fields, dangerous bioeffects can occur. By adjusting our biological rhythms to the pulse of the 60 Hz field a chronic state of stress is created in our system. Chronic stress produces hormonal imbalances which often leads to an increase in blood corticosteriods, shrinking of the thymus gland, which in turn leads to disease states, in the weakest genetic areas of the body.

HEALTH RISKS
Nonionzing Radiation Electromagnetic fields have been found to have some measurable and potentially dangerous biological effects— bioeffects—on animal and human tissues and cells. All living things are closely tied to the frequencies of our natural electromagnetic environment (7 - 9 Hz) and the presence of abnormal powerful manmade fields (60 Hz) is producing serious alterations in basic life functions.

The degree of a person’s exposure varies by type of source as well as distance and duration. The negative influence of the fields can drop off as you move away from their source, diminishing according to the source itself. For example, fields from appliances disappear dramatically in a matter of a few feet, whereas a field caused by transmission lines may go on for hundreds of feet. The new ultra high voltage power lines have enough electricity in the air 200 feet away from the wires to light a fluorescent bulb carried
in the hand of a person in the vicinity of the high voltage source!

EMFs & COMPUTERS
Today’s high-tech electronic workplace is a sea of electromagnetic fields. For computer users, the monitor or video display terminal (VDT) is the primary source of the field. VDTs operate on much the same principle as television sets. They emit various types of electrical and magnetic radiation.

For the most part, however, VDTs do not produce measurable amounts of ionizing radiation. Low-level x-rays are possible, however, if the machine is not operating according to specifications. Also, older, poorly maintained terminals can emit measurable quantities of x-irradiation, indicating that VDTs should be checked regularly. In addition, color monitors operate at higher frequencies and, in some cases, may produce measurable amounts of x-rays.

Of the greatest concern is the higher frequency radiation attributable to the computer’s magnetic field. Although these fields can differ from monitor to monitor testing has confirmed that it is the magnetic fields emitted from computer monitors that present the most serious health threat. Because VDTs emit significant radiation from all sides, an operator may be exposed to emissions from his coworkers’ monitors as well as from his own personal monitor. The majority of radiation comes from the rear of the monitor, which means a worker seated behind or beside a VDT is subject to more exposure than the person working at the screen (Note: LCD screens on laptops and notebook computers are considered safer because they do not emit high frequency electromagnetic fields.)

Computer Health Risks
When an individual works for extensive periods within these EMFs, these energies create a constant source of stress which can lead to fatigue and illness. Because computer users sit in front of equipment for hours at a time, duration of exposure is a serious concern. EMF signs of overexposure may include drowsiness, chronic aches and pains, sleep disorders, irritability, loss of energy, and general malaise and diseases over time may lead to more serious diseases such as cancer and autoimmune system deficiency.

As Steven Schechter, ND, notes in his book “Fighting Radiation & Chemical Pollutants”: “The real threat from VDTs and television sets probably lies not in their production of x-rays, but in their capacity to produce non-ionizing, "pulsating fields" of energy. When these forms of radiation hit the skin ... they can give rise to a chain of biological events, beginning with destruction of tissue, altered immune function, cell breakdown, and possible chromosomal damage. In fact, this process of molecule vibration is precisely how a microwave oven cooks food: by causing atoms and molecules to vibrate, resulting in friction and heat production which then cooks the food.”

In animal studies over the past twenty years, scientists have reported numerous negative physiological responses to EMFs, including decreased production of certain hormones, disruptions in sleep cycles, impairment of the immune system, and acceleration in the growth of cancer cells.

In the early 1980s when a number of stories surfaced about clusters of women workers in the US and Canada who were experiencing increased miscarriages and birth defects caused by their computers, people began to worry about electromagnetic emissions from their VDTs.

Studies also reported other symptoms including headaches, rashes, sleeplessness, blurred vision, and fatigue. For several decades research has linked VDT use to cataracts, blurred vision, and eye strain. In spite of the mounting evidence that was being uncovered about workers with computer-related illness, the information was largely ignored by the press, so that until recently the public remained virtually ignorant of the concerns related to prolonged exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Accumulation of evidence since the early 1980s has indicated that computers present several serious health risks. A study done in 1988 showed that pregnant women who worked in front of computers for more than 20 hours a week experienced a risk of both early and late miscarriage that was 80% higher than pregnant non-users. Premature and low-weight births have been reported from VDT operators all around the world.

EMFs & MICROWAVES
Microwaves are present all over the world (high-frequency electromagnetic waves). Microwave power is generally used for predicting storms, jamming radio communication, guiding airplanes, radar and T.V. broadcasting towers. Microwaves are based on the principles of alternating current forcing atoms, molecules to reverse polarity 1 - 100 billion times a second.

The friction from this violence in water molecules is powerful enough to generate cooking heat. Microwave toxicity has received attention from a range of epidemiological studies. Higher leukemia mortality in ham radio operators, as well as greatly increased incidence of other kinds of cancer, including lymphomas and Hodgkin’s disease has been found among ham radio operators. Studies done on military officers with high radio frequency (RF) (microwave) and ELF (power-line frequency) radiation exposures found death rates that were six times as high as those without exposures. In a different study, chronic microwave exposure was related to high blood pressure, headaches, memory loss, and brain damage.

Microwave Cooking
The results of studies that explore the immediate risks associated with food cooked in microwave ovens indicate the need for further research into the health risks of continuous microwave use.

A Swiss scientist Hans Hertel was the first to conceive and carry out a quality study on the effects of microwaved nutrients on the blood and physiology of humans. He found that microwave cooking changed the nutrients evidenced by unhealthy changes in the participants' blood.

There were also changes that could cause deterioration in the human systems. Hertel points out that in microwave cooking, the oven exerts a power input of about 1,000 watts or more. This radiation causes destruction and deformation of molecules of food which results in the formation of new compounds (radiolytic compounds) unknown to man and nature. His significant findings are as follows:
•Cholesterol levels increased rapidly
•Hemoglobin decreased (anemic tendencies)
•Decreased lymphocytes (white blood cells) compensating the immune system
•Increase of leukocytes indicating stress

Another study reported in the journal The Lancet discovered that microwaving infant formula for ten minutes alters the structure of its component amino acids possibly resulting in functional, structural and immunological abnormalities.

EMFs & TRAVEL
Automobiles, planes, buses, trains and motorcycles are also recognized as powerful generators and receivers of electromagnetic pollution. Highways often parallel power lines and other sources of heavy radiation.

The electrical system of a vehicle also generates detrimental electromagnetic fields. In all vehicles, in order to drive the spark plugs, the coil increases the voltage rating to approximately 18000 volts. Furthermore, static electricity, created by the rotation of the tires against the brake drums and the pistons sets up a magnetic field which can detrimentally affect the body’s mental, physical, and nervous system, resulting in the driver’s slower reaction time, blank spots in his/her ability to see and hear and fatigue and drowsiness.
The consequences of these effects can be devastating.

THE RADIATION HAZARD
Ionizing Radiation During the past forty-five years, America has contributed more pollution, either chemically or in the nuclear arena, than has been contributed in the entire history of the world by all other nations combined. Each day our vitality and health are stressed by radiation in our air, water, soil, and food.
Between 1951 and 1963, 214 atomic bombs were detonated in the Nevada desert. After this measurable amounts of radioactivity were detected in food sources both in the U.S. and Canada. The Chernobyl incident has been reported as releasing more long-term radiation into the world's air, topsoil and water than all the nuclear tests and bombs that ever exploded.

Everything is slightly radioactive. Our soil, food, water and bodies all contain trace amounts of naturally occurring radioactive isotopes. Significantly, however, the vast majority of these background radioactive particles are soluble in water. When they enter the body, which is more than 90 percent water, they go
into solution and are quickly excreted, resulting in no longterm internal build-up of radioactive sludge.

When electrons in human tissue are bombarded by energy from radioactive isotopes, however, they are set free to roam. In the process, they randomly change the biochemical balance, forming new compounds at specific sites in the body as they collide with other electrons.

Gofman, in Radiation and Human Health. provides an exhaustive analysis of the effects of radiation on human cells and tissue. He points out that a single photon of ionizing radiation may possess enough energy to break 14,000 to 20,000 chemical bonds in the body.

If ionizing radiation strikes the DNA, the genetic code, of a body cell, it can disrupt the functioning of the cell enough to cause it to go out of control and ultimately become cancerous. If ionizing radiation strikes a sex cell it can damage chromosomes. The damage will be passed on to future generations, possibly creating birth defects in people who were otherwise innocent of the initial exposure.

Radiation is particularly dangerous to young people because the radiation has a longer period to work on the child, thus enhancing its chances of causing deformity, disease, and injury to cells.

The developing fetus, of course, is the most vulnerable to radiation, since cells are multiplying at their greatest rates. When x-rays penetrate the body, some of the photons pass through the body without interacting with electrons, thus causing no harm. As Gofman points out, however, alpha and beta particles will always interact with tissue. They are guaranteed to do harm. They immediately begin interacting with tissue and setting electrons free to collide with other electrons and upset delicate chemical bonds.

Free Radical Damage
Exposing the body to ionizing radiation activates the formation of free radicals. An accumulation of these dangerous free radicals can alter the way in which the cells code genetic material. This can result in changes in protein structure. The immune system can be damaged by the formation of these mutated proteins and lead to leukemia and cancer, plus a host of other diseases.

All radiation produces free-radicals. Since all cells carry DNA material, mutated cells can be passed to offspring through reproduction. Free radicals can destroy the protective layer of fat in the cell membrane. In addition, free radicals can lead to retention of fluid in the cells, which is involved in the aging process. Calcium levels in the body may also become upset.

RADIOACTIVITY AND DIET
Radioactive isotopes are chemically related and share certain structural elements (atomically similar) to some minerals. When these nutrients are absent or when inadequate amounts have been consumed, absorption of the radioactive “sister” becomes all the more likely. Once consumed, the body will utilize it as it would the mineral. These elements often collect at specific sites in the body, thus continually bombarding nearby tissue with ionizing radiation. The less nutritious our diets, the more susceptible we are to the effects of this radioactive radiation.

These isotopes are from a variety of sources. They are often common byproducts of fallout and nuclear power plant emissions: byproducts of reactors, common radio nuclides used in nuclear medicine or used in food irradiation. These radioisotopes can be found in the food, air or water supply. Plants and animals, similar to humans, also absorb the isotope when deficiencies are present. Some of these isotopes are:
• Strontium-90 resembles calcium and goes directly to the teeth as well as the bone and marrow where many immune system cells are produced, therefore impairing immune function.
• Iodine-131, resembles iodine in the body. Iodine-131 will collect in the thyroid and have a devastating effect on this organ that supervises metabolism.
• Cesium-137 is chemically related to potassium and will collect in muscles and reproductive organs, where it will play havoc with reproductive cells and DNA. Cesium also collects in the kidneys and
liver, two organs that are constantly cleansing the blood. Once in the liver and kidneys, cesium can go anywhere in the body since the entire blood supply passes through these organs.
• Plutonium, is similar to iron and collects in the blood and it too travels throughout the body. Secondary sites, of course, are the blood-cleansing organs such as the lungs, liver, and kidneys. Plutonium, whose half-life is 24,400 years, like other long-lived radio nuclides has a devastating effect on reproductive organs and sex cells, thus threatening future generations.
• Cobalt-60, related to vitamin Bl2, collects in the liver and reproductive organs.
• Sulfur-35, is similar to sulfur, and zinc-65 is similar to zinc.

RADIATION & SMOKING
Some researchers report that cigarette smoke is radioactive. Tobacco, like everything else, contains trace levels of radioactivity, most of which is also soluble in water. Most tobacco related radioactivity washes out of the lungs. But some radioactive particles in tobacco are insoluble and can accumulate in the lungs and bombard delicate lung tissue with low-level alpha radiation.

Radioactive particles can affect not only the lungs but many other sites throughout the body, including venous organs and lymph nodes. One estimate of smoking's radiation threat puts the smoking of twenty-nine cigarettes as equal to a single chest x-ray. For the pack-a-day smoker, then, the amount of radiation exposure to be estimated to be equal to approximately 300 chest x-rays per year.

NUCLEAR MEDICINE
In his book X-Rays: More Harm Than Good (Rodale Press, 1977), P.W. Laws lists mammograms as providing an average skin dose of 1,500 millirads per film (with two films taken, one for each breast). The average skin dose for an x-ray to the skull is 670 millirads, according to Laws. He points out that x-rays taken of the abdomen provide not only skin doses of radiation, but also administer high levels of ionizing radiation to the sex organs. He says that the x-ray procedures that administer radically high doses of ionizing radiation to the sex organs are lumbar-sacral spine, lumbar spine, and intravenous pyelogram.

Once inside the body, x-rays and radio-pharmaceuticals can do great damage to organs that are not the primary targets of the radiation. X-rays can bounce off their primary sites and scatter; radio-pharmaceuticals spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream, thereby posing a risk to sensitive organs that were never meant to be irradiated.

Each examination using radiation poses a different degree of cancer risk, depending on the size of the dose. Gofman has calculated that a twenty-five-year-old man who undergoes a barium meal examination has a cancer risk of between 5 in 10,000 to 2 in 100, depending on the amount of radiation administered in the test. Since the dose depends upon the machine and the x-ray technician involved in its administration, your life literally rests in the hands of those who are responsible for nuclear medicine.

MAJOR STUDIES
From the researched data reported by Ellen Sugarman in her book Warning: The Electricity Around You May Be Hazardous To Your Health Specific case studies related to these areas can be found in the Appendix of this paper.

The results of an impressive array of studies on the adverse health effects of EMFs have been coming in for more than fifteen years, in countries as diverse as Sweden, Russia, New Zealand, England, and the United States. Reliable researchers have reported consistently troubling findings about the effects of electromagnetic field exposure on tissues, cells, and entire biological systems. There are three types of EMF studies:
• Epidemiological—statistical investigations that examine the pattern of a disease in a population or group
• Whole animal—in vivo laboratory experiments
• Cellular laboratory—in vitro experiments on tissues or cells

EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES
The earliest studies to warn of the dangers of EMFs were epidemiologic. By now, there have been dozens of these studies and more are still going on. These epidemiologic studies are grouped according to the population that is being examined:
• Residential EMF exposures and childhood cancer
• Residential EMF exposures and adult cancer
• Occupational EMF environments and cancer

EMFs ON THE JOB
The health of people in electrical occupations are of primary concern to EMF cancer researchers around the world today. More than 35 studies have indicated that workers in various types of electrical jobs are more likely to contract certain kinds of leukemia's and brain tumors, as well as other types of cancer. Cases of male breast cancer, which is very rare, have also been noted.

Studies of workers in the electric and electronic industries—electrical engineers, radio and telegraph operators, telephone operators, electricians, power company and telephone linemen, television and radio repair people, motion-picture projectionists, streetcar and subway motor workers, power station operators, welders, flame cutters—have reported higher levels of cancer and increased cancer mortality than those occurring in the general population.

In particular, increased risks have been reported for leukemia, lymphoma, central nervous system cancers (brain cancer), and malignant melanoma of the skin.

LIVE ANIMAL STUDIES
Many in vivo studies have been conducted where the animals are exposed to EMFs and then examined for results. The studies on live animals have found exposures to the various forms of nonionizing radiation (ELF, RF, and microwave) linked to:
• Changes in cell growth and key cellular functions leading to increased tumor growth
• Central nervous system effects, including changes in the production of important hormones
• Reproductive disorders: birth defects and increases in miscarriage rates
• Changes in blood chemistry
• Behavioral changes
• Tumor Production

Nervous System
Many animal studies have reported central nervous system effects, among them changes in the production of key central nervous system neurotransmitters. These are hormones that transmit messages from the brain to cells to regulate critical cellular processes, such as learning, motor activity, and the emotions.

CELLULAR LABORATORY STUDIES
Prompted by the findings of epidemiological studies that showed EMF exposure affects the vital functions of the cells of animals and humans, laboratory scientists have begun to study the known cellular mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis. Some 300 U. S. researchers are currently trying to discover the bioeffects of nonionizing radiation—the fields emitted by extremely low-frequency (ELF) radiation like our 60-Hz power system, radio frequencies (RF), and microwaves—that could somehow explain the statistical increases in cancer epidemiologists have linked to electromagnetic fields. Since the mid-1980s, an impressive body of literature describing in vitro effects of EMF exposures on cells has begun to emerge. In these experiments, scientists have looked at the effects of electromagnetic fields on organs, cells, the cell membrane, the central nervous system, the immune system, and the various glands that regulate the production of hormones.

The Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is a logical place to look for electromagnetic field bioeffects, because its functions are controlled by electrochemical phenomena—interactions of electrical charges and chemical neurotransmitters (hormones that carry messages from the brain to the cells). Hormones are produced in the body by the various endocrine glands, such as the thyroid and the pituitary. Specific hormones regulate the major cellular functions, including growth and development, blood composition, the immune system, and a group of responses known collectively as the stress response. Some key central nervous system (CNS) hormones are:
• Serotin: controls muscles, including the heart and the vascular system.
• Melatonin: regulates circadian rhythms (twenty-four-hour cycles of biological activity often referred to as our biological clock), depression, pain, and the immune system. Melatonin also plays an important role in cancer control.
• Parathyroid: controls cell growth or proliferation.

Change in Hormone Production
Hormones play a key role in regulating most of the functions of our cells, tissues, and organs. This regulatory activity occurs at the cell membrane. Hormones control critical bodily processes like cell growth and differentiation, reproduction, and the immune response. In general, they work together and are subject to the maintenance of a delicate biochemical balance. EMF exposures have been found to alter the production of a class of critical hormones called neurotransmitters that carry nerve impulses from the brain across the cell membranes. This could have important implications in cancer, as well as other diseases.

Inhibition of Melatonin
Melatonin is an important hormone that is greatly affected by exposures to EMFs. It may be that the finding that EMF exposure inhibits night time production of melatonin is one of the most crucial results of all the current EMF bioeffects research. Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland. One of the hormone's functions is the regulation of circadian rhythms, or what is commonly called our biological clock. These circadian rhythms control our sleep awake cycle, moods, and task performance. Reduced melatonin levels can contribute to depression, severe mood changes, and certain psychiatric disorders. Melatonin also plays a critical role in cancer. For one thing, it has important oncostatic properties—that is, it inhibits tumor growth and it's used in chemotherapy to fight various forms of cancer, particularly breast cancer and prostate cancer. Doctors generally report decreased melatonin levels in their cancer patients.

Abnormal Cell Growth
Mitosis, or cell division, is the biological mechanism by which new cells are formed in the normal processes of growth and repair in our bodies. Mitosis is also involved in malignant cell growth, which causes tumors.

There are currently only a few studies of whole animals that are looking at the role EMF exposure has on cancer production and only one of them has been reported so far. For years, laboratory scientists have tried to bridge this gap by focusing on studies of cellular functions that shed some light on how EMFs affect known mechanisms of cancer or tumor production. (See also tumor promotion section in the in vivo studies.)

In the last twelve years, extensive laboratory research has proven that EMFs affect living cells in a number of ways. Researchers today are trying to pinpoint the ways in which EMFs might cause cells to grow and multiply abnormally. Such studies suggest that EMF’s can promote the growth of cancer cells once they develop. It has been discovered that exposure to EMFs inhibits the flow of calcium in cells, and calcium is essential in signaling cell division.

Since cancer growth depends on cell proliferation, the findings of this research could explain how EMFs promote cancer. It is also a well known fact that female breast cancer has reached epidemic proportions; statistics say that one in 10 American women will develop breast cancer. At present, of women who develop breast cancer, 55 percent have no known risk factors. It is interesting to note that breast cancer mortality rates are five times lower in Asia and Africa than in industrialized North America and northern Europe - regions where EMFs are omnipresent.

There have also been studies showing a clear relationship between exposure magnetic field exposure of various frequencies, and reproductive aberrations. Studies have reported increases in miscarriages and birth defects as a result of exposure to fields. In this case, as well as with cancer, the goal of protecting the public has been ignored in a concerted effort to simply ignore the findings or explain them away.

Although some of these studies have been reporting since the early sixties, they've been routinely covered up by the military and major industries that have vested interests in unhampered technological expansion.

The Immune System
There have also been studies examining direct EMF effects on the immune system itself. The Lymphocytes are the killer cells of the immune system. They defend the body against biological agents of disease, chemical invaders, and cancerous growths. It is important to note that a healthy immune system can provide us with immunity from cancer, just as it does for other diseases. A number of studies have reported immunosuppressant (preventing the Lymphocytes from doing their job) effects of EMF exposures.


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