We live in an electrical environment. As we
go about our business, just about everything we do gets an assist from
electricity. The use of electromagnetic energy for power and
communication has markedly accelerated tremendously in the last 50
years, and this has drastically altered our environment.
we are exposed to radically more intense electromagnetic radiation than
our forefathers whose exposure was from the sun, stars and other
natural sources. Radiation in that form is a force of nature that is as
old as the universe.
RADIATION IN OUR LIVES
Radiation in the form of electricity is present at every level of life,
and it is virtually impossible, especially for city dwellers, to escape
exposure to its effects. Thousands of common devices that are used
daily generate electromagnetic 2 fields. Our lives depend on
electricity but it is also a silent and invisible pollutant. This
pollution originates from power generators and substations, microwave
and radio transmitters, satellite relay stations, power lines, building
wiring, electrical outlets, fluorescent lights, electrical appliances,
office machines, video terminals and cellular telephones to mention a
few. Automobiles, airplanes, buses and motorcycles are now also
recognized as powerful generators and receivers of electromagnetic
On a grander, but not necessarily more important, scale, there are huge
natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs ) all over the earth and out in
space. Noxious earth radiations or geopathic zones, created by
electromagnetic emanations from the earth above subterranean running
water, are another source of EMF disturbance that can be detrimental to
zones are caused by geological fractures, fissures, and subterranean
fault lines which create fluctuations in the earth’s normal direct
current (DC) magnetic field. Because the natural magnetic field of the
earth plays such an important role in stimulating and regulating
metabolic processes, noxious radiations emitted from this kind of
underground electric current can weaken plant, animal and human
THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM
To better understand electromagnetic fields, a sense of the whole range
of electromagnetic energy or radiation as it exists in the universe is
needed. Radiation is the form that energy such as light or heat is sent
out through space. The different types of radiation are classified
according to the electromagnetic spectrum. The range of frequencies
making up the electromagnetic spectrum is broad.
spectrum is arranged according to both frequency and wavelength of the
various kinds of radiation. Frequency is the number of waves per second
that a particular form of energy sends out. Wavelength is the distance
that one particular kind of wave can travel before it flows back to its
source, say, a radio transmission tower. Electromagnetic waves travel
at the speed of light but the length of the waves differ according to
their frequency. It is expressed as cycles per second, i.e., the number
of cycles the waves make per second (cps), or simply as Hertz (Hz).
Higher-frequency radiation has a greater number of waves of shorter
wavelength, and vice versa.
There are two types of radiation: ionizing and nonionizing. At the high
end of the spectrum, with frequencies of billions of hertz, come the
gamma rays, x-rays, and ultraviolet rays. These are known as ionizing
radiation, with energy to enter cells and break chemical bonds, to
invade the atoms and rearrange particles. High enough exposure to these
waves can cause cancer or even kill instantly.
exposure to ionizing radiation has undoubtedly increased radically
within the past century, as the result of various applications and
exploitations of the power of the atom. Nuclear power, and nuclear
weapons, nuclear medicine, nuclear consumer products—all of these are
really “experiments” whose long-range implications are still being
All other forms of radiation are nonionizing - that is, they don't have
the energy to actually get inside cells and break chemical bonds. They
have enough energy to agitate atoms but do not destroy them.
radiation falls into two categories:
radio frequency (RF) radiation - with microwaves at the high end of
this spectrum - and extremely low (ELF) radiation; 60 power line
electromagnetic fields occur at this end of the electromagnetic
radiation is known to be dangerous, because of its thermal effects—it
can heat or cook tissue—and also because of its nonthermal effects,
where certain biological changes occur but the body doesn't heat up.
Microwave radiation is emitted by broadcast transmissions, radar,
satellites, CB radios, RF sealers, electrical security systems,
telephone relays, sonar, VDTs (video display terminals) and, sometimes,
low-frequency (ELF) radiation is found around 60-Hz power lines and
appliances. ELF radiation is nonionizing and nonthermal and, because it
doesn't have enough energy to break up molecules or heat tissue, it was
never thought to be dangerous. But very recently, scientists have
discovered that the so-called "weak" ELF fields can indeed cause cancer
and other diseases.
Electromagnetic fields are invisible electrical and magnetic forces
that radiate from anything operating on an electrical current. Any time
an electric current runs through a wire or an appliance, it produces an
electromagnetic field (EMF). Electromagnetic fields are found wherever
there's electricity, and around any object that has an electric charge.
Normally, electric fields and magnetic fields occur together i.e.,
fields arise from the strength of an electrical charge. AC electric
fields are generated from electrical alternating voltage, present at
110 volts with a frequency of 60 hertz in the U.S. Electrical fields
from multiple sources such as house wiring, lighting fixtures, and
other appliances can radiate throughout a room at varying levels.
fields arise from the charges of motion in an electrical field.
Magnetic fields result from the motion of those charges, that is, the
current, and they fluctuate with that current. They are produced
wherever electricity is in use. The stronger the current, the stronger
the magnetic field. And just as the current varies according to the
power usage, so do the magnitudes of the magnetic fields created by the
electric fields are present whether an appliance is on or off (as long
as it's plugged in), a magnetic field will disappear as soon as an
appliance is turned off. Electric fields and magnetic fields are known
to have very different effects on living things. It's generally
understood that when EMFs interact with people and animals, the
electric fields and the magnetic fields separate, or uncouple, and
affect the organisms independently. Both fields are silent and
invisible and, since people aren't really biologically equipped to
consciously detect them, they largely go unnoticed even though we're
surrounded by EMFs all the time While electrical fields can easily be
shielded, magnetic fields penetrate concrete, steel and human bodies.
The human body has a magnetic permeability equal to air, so the
entirety of a magnetic field will enter it. This can have serious
health implications. Electromagnetic fields can profoundly affect the
human biological system interfering with the cues that keep one’s
biological cycles properly timed, and significantly altering stress
levels and immune response.
THE ELECTRIC BODY
All life including humans is comprised of subtle electrical fields,
which control such vital functions as growth, metabolism, thought and
movement. All matter is divided into conductors, which can transmit
electricity by allowing it to flow through them, and insulators, which
do not transmit electricity. The human body, composed of ions, minerals
and water is a strong conductor of electrical energy and is a very
effective antenna structure.
functions and responses of the human body are controlled by weak
electromagnetic pulses from the brain. Billions of electrical impulses
regulate the activity of every living cell, affecting the body's
well-being and its ability to heal itself. Electromagnetic fields in
the atmosphere influence all our senses, our metabolic processes and
even the way we think.
fields can significantly interfere with and alter basic electrical
functions, shutdown vitality, and eventually produce disease. With
prolonged or frequent exposure to these electromagnetic fields,
dangerous bioeffects can occur. By adjusting our biological rhythms to
the pulse of the 60 Hz field a chronic state of stress is created in
our system. Chronic stress produces hormonal imbalances which often
leads to an increase in blood corticosteriods, shrinking of the thymus
gland, which in turn leads to disease states, in the weakest genetic
areas of the body.
Nonionzing Radiation Electromagnetic fields have been found to have
some measurable and potentially dangerous biological effects—
bioeffects—on animal and human tissues and cells. All living things are
closely tied to the frequencies of our natural electromagnetic
environment (7 - 9 Hz) and the presence of abnormal powerful manmade
fields (60 Hz) is producing serious alterations in basic life functions.
degree of a person’s exposure varies by type of source as well as
distance and duration. The negative influence of the fields can drop
off as you move away from their source, diminishing according to the
source itself. For example, fields from appliances disappear
dramatically in a matter of a few feet, whereas a field caused by
transmission lines may go on for hundreds of feet. The new ultra high
voltage power lines have enough electricity in the air 200 feet away
from the wires to light a fluorescent bulb carried
in the hand of a person in the vicinity of the high voltage source!
EMFs & COMPUTERS
Today’s high-tech electronic workplace is a sea of electromagnetic
fields. For computer users, the monitor or video display terminal (VDT)
is the primary source of the field. VDTs operate on much the same
principle as television sets. They emit various types of electrical and
the most part, however, VDTs do not produce measurable amounts of
ionizing radiation. Low-level x-rays are possible, however, if the
machine is not operating according to specifications. Also, older,
poorly maintained terminals can emit measurable quantities of
x-irradiation, indicating that VDTs should be checked regularly. In
addition, color monitors operate at higher frequencies and, in some
cases, may produce measurable amounts of x-rays.
the greatest concern is the higher frequency radiation attributable to
the computer’s magnetic field. Although these fields can differ from
monitor to monitor testing has confirmed that it is the magnetic fields
emitted from computer monitors that present the most serious health
threat. Because VDTs emit significant radiation from all sides, an
operator may be exposed to emissions from his coworkers’ monitors as
well as from his own personal monitor. The majority of radiation comes
from the rear of the monitor, which means a worker seated behind or
beside a VDT is subject to more exposure than the person working at the
screen (Note: LCD screens on laptops and notebook computers are
considered safer because they do not emit high frequency
Computer Health Risks
When an individual works for extensive periods within these EMFs, these
energies create a constant source of stress which can lead to fatigue
and illness. Because computer users sit in front of equipment for hours
at a time, duration of exposure is a serious concern. EMF signs of
overexposure may include drowsiness, chronic aches and pains, sleep
disorders, irritability, loss of energy, and general malaise and
diseases over time may lead to more serious diseases such as cancer and
autoimmune system deficiency.
Steven Schechter, ND, notes in his book “Fighting Radiation &
Chemical Pollutants”: “The real threat from VDTs and television sets
probably lies not in their production of x-rays, but in their capacity
to produce non-ionizing, "pulsating fields" of energy. When these forms
of radiation hit the skin ... they can give rise to a chain of
biological events, beginning with destruction of tissue, altered immune
function, cell breakdown, and possible chromosomal damage. In fact,
this process of molecule vibration is precisely how a microwave oven
cooks food: by causing atoms and molecules to vibrate, resulting in
friction and heat production which then cooks the food.”
animal studies over the past twenty years, scientists have reported
numerous negative physiological responses to EMFs, including decreased
production of certain hormones, disruptions in sleep cycles, impairment
of the immune system, and acceleration in the growth of cancer cells.
the early 1980s when a number of stories surfaced about clusters of
women workers in the US and Canada who were experiencing increased
miscarriages and birth defects caused by their computers, people began
to worry about electromagnetic emissions from their VDTs.
also reported other symptoms including headaches, rashes,
sleeplessness, blurred vision, and fatigue. For several decades
research has linked VDT use to cataracts, blurred vision, and eye
strain. In spite of the mounting evidence that was being uncovered
about workers with computer-related illness, the information was
largely ignored by the press, so that until recently the public
remained virtually ignorant of the concerns related to prolonged
exposure to electromagnetic fields.
of evidence since the early 1980s has indicated that computers present
several serious health risks. A study done in 1988 showed that pregnant
women who worked in front of computers for more than 20 hours a week
experienced a risk of both early and late miscarriage that was 80%
higher than pregnant non-users. Premature and low-weight births have
been reported from VDT operators all around the world.
EMFs & MICROWAVES
Microwaves are present all over the world (high-frequency
electromagnetic waves). Microwave power is generally used for
predicting storms, jamming radio communication, guiding airplanes,
radar and T.V. broadcasting towers. Microwaves are based on the
principles of alternating current forcing atoms, molecules to reverse
polarity 1 - 100 billion times a second.
friction from this violence in water molecules is powerful enough to
generate cooking heat. Microwave toxicity has received attention from a
range of epidemiological studies. Higher leukemia mortality in ham
radio operators, as well as greatly increased incidence of other kinds
of cancer, including lymphomas and Hodgkin’s disease has been found
among ham radio operators. Studies done on military officers with high
radio frequency (RF) (microwave) and ELF (power-line frequency)
radiation exposures found death rates that were six times as high as
those without exposures. In a different study, chronic microwave
exposure was related to high blood pressure, headaches, memory loss,
and brain damage.
The results of studies that explore the immediate risks associated with
food cooked in microwave ovens indicate the need for further research
into the health risks of continuous microwave use.
Swiss scientist Hans Hertel was the first to conceive and carry out a
quality study on the effects of microwaved nutrients on the blood and
physiology of humans. He found that microwave cooking changed the
nutrients evidenced by unhealthy changes in the participants' blood.
were also changes that could cause deterioration in the human systems.
Hertel points out that in microwave cooking, the oven exerts a power
input of about 1,000 watts or more. This radiation causes destruction
and deformation of molecules of food which results in the formation of
new compounds (radiolytic compounds) unknown to man and nature. His
significant findings are as follows:
•Cholesterol levels increased rapidly
•Hemoglobin decreased (anemic tendencies)
•Decreased lymphocytes (white blood cells) compensating the immune
•Increase of leukocytes indicating stress
study reported in the journal The Lancet discovered that microwaving
infant formula for ten minutes alters the structure of its component
amino acids possibly resulting in functional, structural and
EMFs & TRAVEL
Automobiles, planes, buses, trains and motorcycles are also recognized
as powerful generators and receivers of electromagnetic pollution.
Highways often parallel power lines and other sources of heavy
electrical system of a vehicle also generates detrimental
electromagnetic fields. In all vehicles, in order to drive the spark
plugs, the coil increases the voltage rating to approximately 18000
volts. Furthermore, static electricity, created by the rotation of the
tires against the brake drums and the pistons sets up a magnetic field
which can detrimentally affect the body’s mental, physical, and nervous
system, resulting in the driver’s slower reaction time, blank spots in
his/her ability to see and hear and fatigue and drowsiness.
The consequences of these effects can be devastating.
THE RADIATION HAZARD
Ionizing Radiation During the past forty-five years, America has
contributed more pollution, either chemically or in the nuclear arena,
than has been contributed in the entire history of the world by all
other nations combined. Each day our vitality and health are stressed
by radiation in our air, water, soil, and food.
Between 1951 and 1963, 214 atomic bombs were detonated in the Nevada
desert. After this measurable amounts of radioactivity were detected in
food sources both in the U.S. and Canada. The Chernobyl incident has
been reported as releasing more long-term radiation into the world's
air, topsoil and water than all the nuclear tests and bombs that ever
is slightly radioactive. Our soil, food, water and bodies all contain
trace amounts of naturally occurring radioactive isotopes.
Significantly, however, the vast majority of these background
radioactive particles are soluble in water. When they enter the body,
which is more than 90 percent water, they go
into solution and are quickly excreted, resulting in no longterm
internal build-up of radioactive sludge.
electrons in human tissue are bombarded by energy from radioactive
isotopes, however, they are set free to roam. In the process, they
randomly change the biochemical balance, forming new compounds at
specific sites in the body as they collide with other electrons.
in Radiation and Human Health. provides an exhaustive analysis of the
effects of radiation on human cells and tissue. He points out that a
single photon of ionizing radiation may possess enough energy to break
14,000 to 20,000 chemical bonds in the body.
ionizing radiation strikes the DNA, the genetic code, of a body cell,
it can disrupt the functioning of the cell enough to cause it to go out
of control and ultimately become cancerous. If ionizing radiation
strikes a sex cell it can damage chromosomes. The damage will be passed
on to future generations, possibly creating birth defects in people who
were otherwise innocent of the initial exposure.
is particularly dangerous to young people because the radiation has a
longer period to work on the child, thus enhancing its chances of
causing deformity, disease, and injury to cells.
developing fetus, of course, is the most vulnerable to radiation, since
cells are multiplying at their greatest rates. When x-rays penetrate
the body, some of the photons pass through the body without interacting
with electrons, thus causing no harm. As Gofman points out, however,
alpha and beta particles will always interact with tissue. They are
guaranteed to do harm. They immediately begin interacting with tissue
and setting electrons free to collide with other electrons and upset
delicate chemical bonds.
Free Radical Damage
Exposing the body to ionizing radiation activates the formation of free
radicals. An accumulation of these dangerous free radicals can alter
the way in which the cells code genetic material. This can result in
changes in protein structure. The immune system can be damaged by the
formation of these mutated proteins and lead to leukemia and cancer,
plus a host of other diseases.
radiation produces free-radicals. Since all cells carry DNA material,
mutated cells can be passed to offspring through reproduction. Free
radicals can destroy the protective layer of fat in the cell membrane.
In addition, free radicals can lead to retention of fluid in the cells,
which is involved in the aging process. Calcium levels in the body may
also become upset.
RADIOACTIVITY AND DIET
Radioactive isotopes are chemically related and share certain
structural elements (atomically similar) to some minerals. When these
nutrients are absent or when inadequate amounts have been consumed,
absorption of the radioactive “sister” becomes all the more likely.
Once consumed, the body will utilize it as it would the mineral. These
elements often collect at specific sites in the body, thus continually
bombarding nearby tissue with ionizing radiation. The less nutritious
our diets, the more susceptible we are to the effects of this
isotopes are from a variety of sources. They are often common
byproducts of fallout and nuclear power plant emissions: byproducts of
reactors, common radio nuclides used in nuclear medicine or used in
food irradiation. These radioisotopes can be found in the food, air or
water supply. Plants and animals, similar to humans, also absorb the
isotope when deficiencies are present. Some of these isotopes are:
• Strontium-90 resembles calcium and
goes directly to the teeth as well as the bone and marrow where many
immune system cells are produced, therefore impairing immune function.
• Iodine-131, resembles iodine in the
body. Iodine-131 will collect in the thyroid and have a devastating
effect on this organ that supervises metabolism.
• Cesium-137 is chemically related to
potassium and will collect in muscles and reproductive organs, where it
will play havoc with reproductive cells and DNA. Cesium also collects
in the kidneys and
liver, two organs that are constantly cleansing the blood. Once in the
liver and kidneys, cesium can go anywhere in the body since the entire
blood supply passes through these organs.
• Plutonium, is similar to iron and
collects in the blood and it too travels throughout the body. Secondary
sites, of course, are the blood-cleansing organs such as the lungs,
liver, and kidneys. Plutonium, whose half-life is 24,400 years, like
other long-lived radio nuclides has a devastating effect on
reproductive organs and sex cells, thus threatening future generations.
• Cobalt-60, related to vitamin Bl2,
collects in the liver and reproductive organs.
• Sulfur-35, is similar to sulfur, and
zinc-65 is similar to zinc.
RADIATION & SMOKING
Some researchers report that cigarette smoke is radioactive. Tobacco,
like everything else, contains trace levels of radioactivity, most of
which is also soluble in water. Most tobacco related radioactivity
washes out of the lungs. But some radioactive particles in tobacco are
insoluble and can accumulate in the lungs and bombard delicate lung
tissue with low-level alpha radiation.
particles can affect not only the lungs but many other sites throughout
the body, including venous organs and lymph nodes. One estimate of
smoking's radiation threat puts the smoking of twenty-nine cigarettes
as equal to a single chest x-ray. For the pack-a-day smoker, then, the
amount of radiation exposure to be estimated to be equal to
approximately 300 chest x-rays per year.
In his book X-Rays: More Harm Than Good (Rodale Press, 1977), P.W. Laws
lists mammograms as providing an average skin dose of 1,500 millirads
per film (with two films taken, one for each breast). The average skin
dose for an x-ray to the skull is 670 millirads, according to Laws. He
points out that x-rays taken of the abdomen provide not only skin doses
of radiation, but also administer high levels of ionizing radiation to
the sex organs. He says that the x-ray procedures that administer
radically high doses of ionizing radiation to the sex organs are
lumbar-sacral spine, lumbar spine, and intravenous pyelogram.
inside the body, x-rays and radio-pharmaceuticals can do great damage
to organs that are not the primary targets of the radiation. X-rays can
bounce off their primary sites and scatter; radio-pharmaceuticals
spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream, thereby
posing a risk to sensitive organs that were never meant to be
examination using radiation poses a different degree of cancer risk,
depending on the size of the dose. Gofman has calculated that a
twenty-five-year-old man who undergoes a barium meal examination has a
cancer risk of between 5 in 10,000 to 2 in 100, depending on the amount
of radiation administered in the test. Since the dose depends upon the
machine and the x-ray technician involved in its administration, your
life literally rests in the hands of those who are responsible for
From the researched data reported by Ellen Sugarman in her book
Warning: The Electricity Around You May Be Hazardous To Your Health
Specific case studies related to these areas can be found in the
Appendix of this paper.
results of an impressive array of studies on the adverse health effects
of EMFs have been coming in for more than fifteen years, in countries
as diverse as Sweden, Russia, New Zealand, England, and the United
States. Reliable researchers have reported consistently troubling
findings about the effects of electromagnetic field exposure on
tissues, cells, and entire biological systems. There are three types of
• Epidemiological—statistical investigations that examine the pattern
of a disease in a population or group
• Whole animal—in vivo laboratory experiments
• Cellular laboratory—in vitro experiments on tissues or cells
The earliest studies to warn of the dangers of EMFs were epidemiologic.
By now, there have been dozens of these studies and more are still
going on. These epidemiologic studies are grouped according to the
population that is being examined:
• Residential EMF exposures and childhood cancer
• Residential EMF exposures and adult cancer
• Occupational EMF environments and cancer
EMFs ON THE JOB
The health of people in electrical occupations are of primary concern
to EMF cancer researchers around the world today. More than 35 studies
have indicated that workers in various types of electrical jobs are
more likely to contract certain kinds of leukemia's and brain tumors,
as well as other types of cancer. Cases of male breast cancer, which is
very rare, have also been noted.
of workers in the electric and electronic industries—electrical
engineers, radio and telegraph operators, telephone operators,
electricians, power company and telephone linemen, television and radio
repair people, motion-picture projectionists, streetcar and subway
motor workers, power station operators, welders, flame cutters—have
reported higher levels of cancer and increased cancer mortality than
those occurring in the general population.
particular, increased risks have been reported for leukemia, lymphoma,
central nervous system cancers (brain cancer), and malignant melanoma
of the skin.
LIVE ANIMAL STUDIES
Many in vivo studies have been conducted where the animals are exposed
to EMFs and then examined for results. The studies on live animals have
found exposures to the various forms of nonionizing radiation (ELF, RF,
and microwave) linked to:
• Changes in cell growth and key cellular functions leading to
increased tumor growth
• Central nervous system effects, including changes in the production
of important hormones
• Reproductive disorders: birth defects and increases in miscarriage
• Changes in blood chemistry
• Behavioral changes
• Tumor Production
Many animal studies have reported central nervous system effects, among
them changes in the production of key central nervous system
neurotransmitters. These are hormones that transmit messages from the
brain to cells to regulate critical cellular processes, such as
learning, motor activity, and the emotions.
CELLULAR LABORATORY STUDIES
Prompted by the findings of epidemiological studies that showed EMF
exposure affects the vital functions of the cells of animals and
humans, laboratory scientists have begun to study the known cellular
mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis. Some 300 U. S. researchers are
currently trying to discover the bioeffects of nonionizing
radiation—the fields emitted by extremely low-frequency (ELF) radiation
like our 60-Hz power system, radio frequencies (RF), and
microwaves—that could somehow explain the statistical increases in
cancer epidemiologists have linked to electromagnetic fields. Since the
mid-1980s, an impressive body of literature describing in vitro effects
of EMF exposures on cells has begun to emerge. In these experiments,
scientists have looked at the effects of electromagnetic fields on
organs, cells, the cell membrane, the central nervous system, the
immune system, and the various glands that regulate the production of
The Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is a logical place to look for
electromagnetic field bioeffects, because its functions are controlled
by electrochemical phenomena—interactions of electrical charges and
chemical neurotransmitters (hormones that carry messages from the brain
to the cells). Hormones are produced in the body by the various
endocrine glands, such as the thyroid and the pituitary. Specific
hormones regulate the major cellular functions, including growth and
development, blood composition, the immune system, and a group of
responses known collectively as the stress response. Some key central
nervous system (CNS) hormones are:
• Serotin: controls muscles, including the heart and the vascular
• Melatonin: regulates circadian rhythms (twenty-four-hour cycles of
biological activity often referred to as our biological clock),
depression, pain, and the immune system. Melatonin also plays an
important role in cancer control.
• Parathyroid: controls cell growth or proliferation.
in Hormone Production
Hormones play a key role in regulating most of the functions of our
cells, tissues, and organs. This regulatory activity occurs at the cell
membrane. Hormones control critical bodily processes like cell growth
and differentiation, reproduction, and the immune response. In general,
they work together and are subject to the maintenance of a delicate
biochemical balance. EMF exposures have been found to alter the
production of a class of critical hormones called neurotransmitters
that carry nerve impulses from the brain across the cell membranes.
This could have important implications in cancer, as well as other
Inhibition of Melatonin
Melatonin is an important hormone that is greatly affected by exposures
to EMFs. It may be that the finding that EMF exposure inhibits night
time production of melatonin is one of the most crucial results of all
the current EMF bioeffects research. Melatonin is produced by the
pineal gland. One of the hormone's functions is the regulation of
circadian rhythms, or what is commonly called our biological clock.
These circadian rhythms control our sleep awake cycle, moods, and task
performance. Reduced melatonin levels can contribute to depression,
severe mood changes, and certain psychiatric disorders. Melatonin also
plays a critical role in cancer. For one thing, it has important
oncostatic properties—that is, it inhibits tumor growth and it's used
in chemotherapy to fight various forms of cancer, particularly breast
cancer and prostate cancer. Doctors generally report decreased
melatonin levels in their cancer patients.
Abnormal Cell Growth
Mitosis, or cell division, is the biological mechanism by which new
cells are formed in the normal processes of growth and repair in our
bodies. Mitosis is also involved in malignant cell growth, which causes
are currently only a few studies of whole animals that are looking at
the role EMF exposure has on cancer production and only one of them has
been reported so far. For years, laboratory scientists have tried to
bridge this gap by focusing on studies of cellular functions that shed
some light on how EMFs affect known mechanisms of cancer or tumor
production. (See also tumor promotion section in the in vivo studies.)
the last twelve years, extensive laboratory research has proven that
EMFs affect living cells in a number of ways. Researchers today are
trying to pinpoint the ways in which EMFs might cause cells to grow and
multiply abnormally. Such studies suggest that EMF’s can promote the
growth of cancer cells once they develop. It has been discovered that
exposure to EMFs inhibits the flow of calcium in cells, and calcium is
essential in signaling cell division.
cancer growth depends on cell proliferation, the findings of this
research could explain how EMFs promote cancer. It is also a well known
fact that female breast cancer has reached epidemic proportions;
statistics say that one in 10 American women will develop breast
cancer. At present, of women who develop breast cancer, 55 percent have
no known risk factors. It is interesting to note that breast cancer
mortality rates are five times lower in Asia and Africa than in
industrialized North America and northern Europe - regions where EMFs
have also been studies showing a clear relationship between exposure
magnetic field exposure of various frequencies, and reproductive
aberrations. Studies have reported increases in miscarriages and birth
defects as a result of exposure to fields. In this case, as well as
with cancer, the goal of protecting the public has been ignored in a
concerted effort to simply ignore the findings or explain them away.
some of these studies have been reporting since the early sixties,
they've been routinely covered up by the military and major industries
that have vested interests in unhampered technological expansion.
There have also been studies examining direct EMF effects on the immune
system itself. The Lymphocytes are the killer cells of the immune
system. They defend the body against biological agents of disease,
chemical invaders, and cancerous growths. It is important to note that
a healthy immune system can provide us with immunity from cancer, just
as it does for other diseases. A number of studies have reported
immunosuppressant (preventing the Lymphocytes from doing their job)
effects of EMF exposures.